Guide to support Ulysses.
Red = Various Language Used and It’s Translation
Orange = Word Description
- = Guided Plot
Red Murray: This character was based on Joyce’s maternal uncle - John “Red” Murray. Red Murray worked in accounts for the Freemans Journal
Alexander Keyes: Fictional character, who owns Fagen and Bros - Merchant of groceries, tea, and wine. He is a client of Bloom
Wilson Ruttledge: : Cashier or advertising manager of The Evening Telegraph.
William Brayden: Irish lawyer and editor of the Freemans journal
Joseph Patrick Nannetti: Master printer of Freemans Journal
Joe Hynes: First appears in “Ivy Day in the Committee Room” Dubliners. Journalist who writes on Dignam’s funeral. He owes Bloom Monday and is broke on booze.
Long John Fanning: Modeled from Long John Clancy - real sub sheriff of Dublin. First appears in “Grace” & “Ivy Day in the Committee Room” - Dubliners
J.J. O’Molloy: A solicitor who is down on his luck.
Lenehan: Unemployed leech, becomes Blazes sidekick. Interested in horse racing. First appeared in “Two Gallants” - Dubliners.
Gabriel Conroy: First seen in “The Dead” - Dubliners. Does some literary work for a newspaper.
Dan Dawson: Gave a speech about Ireland that is full of purple prose. Printed in a newspaper the day of Ulysses and mocked by the men of the newspaper.
Paddy Hooper: Freemans Journal journalist
Mr. O’Madden Burke: Journalist and first seen in “A Mother” - Dubliners. “A space elderly man who balanced his imposing body, when at rest, upon a large silk umbrella.
Location: Freeman’s Journal Newspaper Offices - 12pm
Odysseus lands on the island of Aeolia, ruled over by Aeolus, the “warden of the winds”. Aeolus tried to help Odysseus and puts all “unfavorable” winds into a bag. When Odysseus and his men are within sight of Ithaca, the men get suspicious that Odysseus has hidden a treasure, they open it, which blows them back to Aeolia. Aeolus refuses any further help.
Episode takes place in and around the offices of The Freeman’s Journal.
In The Heart Of The Hibernian Metropolis 147-152
Scene view is set at Nelson’s pillar near the tram line.
You experience the overwhelming chaos of the tram routes all over Dublin, the shoeshiners soliciting at the post office, mail cars leaving, and big footed (Grossbooted) folks rolling beer barrels all around.
Shoeblacks - Paragraph
E.R. - Edward Rex - Edward VII
We see Red Murray finding an old Keyes ad Bloom needs. They cut it out and Bloom takes it to.
William Brayden, the editor of the Freemans Journal is walking in with a influential and mysterious presence.
Par - Paragraph
Murray and Bloom have a conversation around William Brayden and if he is “their savior”. Of the newspaper, I am assuming.
Odyssey is referenced around wind: “They always build one door opposite another for the wind to. Way in. Way out.
Bloom reviews various news printing references of the time while in the printing office.
Nannetti’s Desk 152-156
Bloom lays the Keyes ad cut out on Nannetti’s desk and explains the changes he wants, along with a two month renewal.
Voglio - I want (it)
The foreman requests that Bloom sell Keyes three months instead of the two he wants.
Bloom remembers Cunningham forget to tell him the story of the spelling bee.
Review this witty spelling bee writing - letters - fun
Phiz - Physiognomy (Expression)
Second reference to the wind in the Odyssey: “Want to get some wind off my chest first.”
Review what “Rub in August” Means
Bloom exits Nannetti’s office and walks through the Freemans building and enters the Evening Telegraph office.
Alleluia - Hallelujah (Latin+Greek)
Hot And Cold In The Same Breath 156-164
- Bloom enters the Evening Telegraph office which is occupied by professor MacHugh, Ned Lambert, and Simon Dedalus. They are discussion entries that are to put put in the paper and a speech by Charles Dawson. (Reflect on speech?)
Falutin - Showing Off / Pretentious
Bladdderbags - Foolish Person
J.J O’Molloy enters.
Many References to wind: “Hot and cold in the same breath”, “then all blows over”, “Enough of the inflated windbag”, “blowing out impatiently his bushy mustache”
Doric - Scottish Dialect
Welshcombed - using hand to comb hair
“Sham Squire” enters the room - this is Francis Higgins, owner of the Freeman’s Journal. Many of them agree to leave for a drink.
Jigs - hop/skip around - condition of advanced alcoholism
Cretic - A foot composed of a short syllable between two long syllables
“Sham Squire” enters the room - this is Francis Higgins, owner of the Freeman’s Journal. They all leave for a drink, without Bloom.
Bloom tells Crawford he needs to make a call before he leaves with them.
Canada swindle case - Man accused, tried, and convicted of swindling promised passage to Canada for 20 schillings
More references to wind as noises overwhelm the room the men are in as the door is flung open. “Throw him out and shut the door, the editor said. There’s a hurricane blowing.”
Bloom, on the phone, finds that Alexander Keyes is not in his office, but in the auction rooms (Joe Dillon Auctioneer). Bloom hurries out of the office and runs into Lenehan on the way.
Anno Domini - In they year of our lord (latin) - (Yeats - The Second Coming)
Exit Bloom 164-165
Bloom Exits. Crawford states “Begone!” (Paradise Lost) & “The world is before you” (Adam & Eve)
More references to wind as Lenehan blows some papers: “blowing them apart gently, without comment”
JJ, Crawford, Lenehan watch Bloom leave.
Guttersnipe - derogatory for scruffy, poorly behaved child who spends time in the streets.
Spaugs - big clumsy feet
Small Nines - all the little tricks
Steal upon larks - clever enough to creep up on something
Mazurka - polish dance
Thanky Vous & Youth Led By Experience Visits Notoriety 165-171
MacHugh, Lenehan, JJ O’Molloy, and Myles Crawford are curious where everyone disappeared to. They went to the Oval (Pub) for a drink. They decide they should join them, but not before lighting a cigarette and having an in-depth conversation around history.
Imperium romanum - Roman Empire (Latin)
Lenehan starts telling a riddle as Mr. O’Madden Burke and Stephen Daedalus enters.
Entrez, mes enfants - Enter My Children (Latin)
Stephen delivers My Deasy’s letter to the editor.
They start to discuss history and how a woman brought sin into the world with plenty of past world examples.
Dominus - Master (Latin)
Kyrios! - Lord or Guardian (Greek)
Mulligan enters and Lenehan reminds them he has an outstanding riddle. “What Opera is like a railway line? “The Rose of Castile. Rows of cast steel”
Wheeze - Joke
The Gentle Art Of Advertisement 171-184
The remaining group brings up Bloom in front of Stephen. Mention him as the Gentle art of advertisement and Molly as “The Vocal Must”
The editor asked Stephen to write something for him. Turns into discussion of the Invincibles murder in Phoenix park.
Bloom telephones into the office, the editor instantly responds with “Tell him go to hell”
La tua pace - your peace
Che parlar ti piace - what kind of talk do you like?
Mentreche il vento, come fa, si tace - while the wind, as it does, falls silent (Inferno)
Per l’aer perso - through the black air (it)
Quella pacifica orifiamma - that peaceful gold frame
Di rimirar fe piu ardenți - made mine eyes for ardent to reggae
The men continue to discuss many literally pieces.
Stephen thanks Lenehan for lighting a cigarette with “Muchibus thankibus”
JJ O’Molloy tells Stephen a professor was talking about him and asks him what he thinks of the hermetic crowd and AE?
Stephen gets confirmation Deasy’s article on Foot and Mouth Disease will go in the paper.
Fuit Ilium - Troy Is No More
Another reference to the Odyssey - “The sack of windy Troy”
Stephen pitches a story to the professor, as they walk, that he wants to write. “Dubliners”
Kiss My Royal Irish Arse 184-
Bloom Returns to the office with a promise of 2 months for Keyes ad.
Crawford tells him to tell Keyes to “kiss my arse”
In the midst, Blooms mind goes to the people who left to get a drink earlier, and see’s “young Daedalus” moving with them. Called him the “Careless chap” because he was in Irishtown.
Crawford interrupts Blooms thoughts with “He can kiss my royal Irish arse.”
Nulla bona - No goods or processions
Scene goes to walking to the bar and back to Stephens story as they walk.
Deus nobis hoec otia fecit - god has made peace for us
Episode ends, right back where it started, like in The Odyssey, the shouting of tram ways and their routes.
We start to see some dynamics of the personalities and relationships in the people. Bloom is focused on the ad he is trying to secure for the paper, not participating in the deep conversations and problems of the day. Bloom is curious about Stephen and how he is doing. You get a feeling of a father figure Bloom wants to be, because he lost Rudy. Stephens dad is a drunk and all he can focus on is going to the bar. Stephen seems to be trying to find his place in the society. Is a literary fellow which cherishes the deep conversations around writings and creating his own. You also see Blooms peers talk down to him and not truly respect him, almost treat him as a push over. Will be curious where this dynamic of people take us.
Friedrich von Flotow - “Martha” - (1847 Opera)
Lord Byron - “Don Juan - Canto The Third” - (1921)
Robert Dwyer Joyce - “The Boys Of Wexford” - (Irish Ballad)
Michael William Balfe - “The Rose of Castile” - (1857 Opera)
Edgar Alen Poe - “To Helen” - (1831 Poem)
Douglas Hyde - “My Grief On The Sea” - (1893)
William Blake - “The Devine Image & Songs of Innocence“ - (1789)
Friedrich Von Schelling - “Philosophy of Art” - (1845)
Earnest Dawson - “Non sum qualis eram bonae sub regno Cynarae” - (1896)
Gifford, Don, and Robert J. Seidman. Ulysses Annotated: Notes for James Joyce's Ulysses. Univ. of California Press, 2009.
“Charles Dawson.” JJON, www.jjon.org/jioyce-s-people/dawson. Accessed 22 Oct. 2023.
Bryan, Kelly. “Ulysses & The Odyssey: Aeolus.” Blooms & Barnacles, Blooms & Barnacles, 5 Aug. 2023, www.bloomsandbarnacles.com/blog/ulysses-amp-the-odyssey-aeolus.
The Joyce Project : Ulysses : People in the Novel. (n.d.). http://m.joyceproject.com/info/people.html