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JJ#8 - Ulysses - Episode 6: Hades

#8 Hades


Guide to support Ulysses.


Notes:

Red = Various Language Used and It’s Translation

Orange = Word Description

- = Guided Plot

Noted Characters:


Jack Power: Mr. Power is first seen in “Grace” in Dubliners. It is let known that he doesn’t “relish the use of his Christian name.” Mr. Power ran into drunken Tom Kernan after he fell down the stairs and got him home. He initiates the plot to help Kernan find god and get sober. Mr. Power is a younger man, employed in the Royal Irish Constabulary office in Dublin castle. He was rising in the social class as Kernan was falling.


Simon Dedalus: Is first seen in The Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man. He is Stephens father. He is a strong Irish nationalist in Portrait, but we start to see his downfall in Ulysses. His son has to borrow shoes and is homeless. In Aeolus we see him with a silk hat and a bushy mustache.

Ignatius Gallagher: First seen in Dubliners in “A Little Cloud”. In Dubliners Ignatius moved to London and was know to have written for English newspapers. Gallagher looked unhealthy during a chat with Little Chandler at the bar. Gallagher ends this episode with stating that he is content and will not marry, unless he marries rich. Per Ellman, Gallagher is based of a real life Fred Gallagher. He joined the editorial staff of the Freemans Journal at the age of 15 and died 30 years later. In Hades, Bloom recalls Gallagher “Waltzing in Stamer street with Ignatius Gallaher on a Sunday morning, the landlady’s two hats pinned on his head.”


Ned Lambert: First seen in this episode, he attend the Dignam funeral and supports Simon when he recalls his wife’s death while at the cemetery.


Joe Hynes: First mentioned in this episode. He is behind the carriage Bloom is in and riding along with Ned Lambert. Hynes is collecting names of those who attended the Dignam funeral. After the funeral he invites the group to go visit Parnell’s grave.


Paddy Leonard: First mentioned in “The Boarding House” and appeared in “Counterparts” in Dubliners. Not in influential role, simply around.


Ben Dollard: Mentioned in this episode, Hades, as a singer that sound “The Croppy Boy”. Simon mentioned this and Cunningham mentioned how “Trenchant” it was.


Crofton: Quickly mentioned in this episode, Hades. Was originally seen in “Ivy Day in the Committee Room” in Dubliners. Not much mentioned of him here.


Mrs. (Dante) Riordan: Mentioned in Hades due to the location she passed away are. Our Lady’s hospice for the dying.


Fogarty: First mentioned in “Grace” in Dubliners. Tom Kernan owes him money. Fogarty is a grocer and is only mentioned in passing in Hades.


Corny (Cornelius T. ) Kelleher: He is briefly mentioned in Lotus Eaters about getting a job at O’Neils. O’Neils it the undertaker is handled the Dignam funeral. The men asked each other if he showed up to the Dignam funeral in Hades.


John Henry Menton: Menton is mentioned in Hades as the Dignam funeral. He asks Ned Lambert who the person (Bloom) is that stands behind Tom Kernan. He offers a quid to support Dignams kids in Cunninghams fund. He recalls losing to Bloom at bowls, mentions how attractive Molly is, how he danced with her and wonders, with Ned, on “what did she marry a coon like that for?”


Location: Prospect Cemetery - 11am


Odyssey:

Circe tells Odysseus to visit the world of the dead. In the world of the dead, he meets Elphenor (His man who feel to death, was drunk at Circe’s island.) He requests Odysseus to give his corpse a proper burial, he agrees. Odysseus meets Tiresias. He is told Poseidon is preventing his return home. He is warned him and his men cannot violate Helios. Odysseus also meets him mother, Agamemnon, Achilles, Ajax, Sisyphus, and Hercules (His phantom). Odysseus returns to his shop and Circe’s Island.

Bloom travels with the funeral procession from Dignam’s house (Sandymount) to Prospect Cemetery.


Themes:

Organ: Heart

Art: Religion

Color: White and Black

Symbol: Caretake

Technique: Incubism - Producer of Nightmares


Sillpperslapper Pgs 135-136

  • Scene is Bloom getting into a carriage to go to Dignams funeral. These men are: Martin Cunningham, Jack Power, Simon Dedalus (Stephens Father)

  • Bloom sees lowered blinds throughout the windows on the street. This is a Irish Tradition during a funeral.

  • Bloom see’s a old woman peering through the opening of a window and he thinks about her:

  • Nose flattened to the window

  • Glad she’s not the dead one

  • Feels old woman are particularly interested in corpses and they are glad to see people pass.

  • We (Humans) give mothers so much trouble coming into the world.

  • Huggermugger - Secretly watching

  • Slippersloppers - Slid on house shoes (On edge to verify actually dead)

  • Transfers thoughts to how dead bodies are cared for.

  • The carriage took off and they contemplate the route. Old Irish custom is to take a route that goes through city center.

Fidus Achates - The Faithful Aches (latin)

Your Son & Heir Pgs 137-140

  • This is the first time Bloom and Stephen seem to cross paths. Bloom mentioned to Simon that his sees his son, Stephen, in a wide hat.

  • Simon asks if Mulligan was with him. No. Simon feels Stephen was with his Aunt Sally and goes on with this thoughts about that family.

  • Richie Goulding, Stephens Uncle seems to be a drunk and abuser.

  • Simon explains that Stephen hands with a bad crowd. Wants to give Mulligans Aunt a piece of his mind.

  • Bloom then thinks about if it were his son, he would do that same. And think the same. Then the “what if” thoughts come. Thinks of Milly who is turning into a woman.

  • They banter. Rain starts & clears up quickly.


Worst Man In Dublin Pgs 141-145

  • Blooms thoughts take over the content.

  • “Couldn’t they invent something Automatic”. Bloom contemplates the need for a manual tramway person/employee. Someone would lose a job, if automatic, but gain another?

  • They pass Blazes Boylan in their carriage. Bloom thinks though his wife’s affair with Boylan. “Is there anything more in him that she see’s?” Insecure about himself. Thinks of Boylan as “Worst Man in Dublin”.

  • Bloom goes through waves of insecurity and then felt content with himself. (Rain coming and going quickly, waves of emotion?)

Mi trema un poco il - My heart beat a little faster

  • “A smile goes a long way”

  • What is the story of Mr. Powers wife? (144)

- The first Jewish related comments come. Cunningham states “We all have been there”. Meaning feeling the animosity of Jewish money lenders, besides Bloom.


The Greatest Disgrace To Have In The Family Pgs 146-149


- They discuss a story of a man’s (Reuben S) son, who jumped into the Liffey (Maybe suicide). A boatman saves him and Reuben pass the boatman 1 Florin ($0.55)

- They quickly remember they are at a funeral and should look more serious.

Blooms thoughts returns to Rudy’s death.

  • Mr Powers mentions “Worst of all, is the man who takes his own life” (Blooms father died by suicide). Another stab to Bloom and who he is. Doesn’t have control of this. Cunningham tries to soften the harshness and Dedalus adds more salt. “They say a man who does it is a coward”.

  • Bloom thinks of Cunningham as intelligent.

  • The Catholic Church would drive a stake through the heart of someone who committed suicide. This was to prevent them from returning and haunting.

  • Bloom relives his fathers last day. Not more pain. Wake no more. Nobody owns.


Elixer of Life Pgs 150-158

  • The carriage stops for a herd of cattle passing. Bloom thinks through the cattle trade. Meat, horns, hair, hide. They walk through town rather than on a tramline. Same with the funeral procession, why not use an electric tram?

  • History - once a coffin and corpse fell in the middle of the road in this situation.

  • Bloom thinks they all will visit a pub on the way back.

  • Superstition: The image of someones murderer is stuck on the retna of the victim.

  • They arrive at Prospect cemetery.

  • Mutes/Mourners - Hired to mourn at a funeral.

  • Martin Cunningham tells Power he was “morbid” for talking of suicide in from on Bloom. Power was unaware.

  • Bloom contemplates the family and wife (Dignams) (Her future)

  • Cunningham starts a collection to help the kids until the life insurance kicks in.

  • They bring and follow the coffin into the chapel.

  • “Which end is his head?” - Custom to have the head at the alter and to the tombstone.

Dominenamine - in the name of the lord (latin)

Non intres in judicium cum servo tus, Domine - Do not weigh the deeds of your servant, lord. (latin)

What Did She Marry A Coon Like That For? Pgs 159-171

  • The service in the chapel continues as Bloom’s mind wanders.

Et ne nos induras in tentationem - and lead us not into temptation (latin)

  • Bloom thinks the priest must get tired of shaking holy water everywhere everyday.

In paradisum - Into paradise (latin)

  • They exit the chapel with the coffin.

  • We find that Stephens mother has passed away and is buried here.

  • The funeral service concludes and banter continues.

  • Bloom thinks of all the organs in a cemetery. All they are are “pumps” of blood and liquid.

  • Scene goes to Mr. Kernan, Corny Keelleher and John Menton. They start talking about Bloom.

  • Why did Molly marry him?

  • John got into an argument with him once.

  • Bloom thinks through John O’Connell - Head of the cemetery.

De Mortuis nil nisi Prius - Misquote - The dead speak nothing but good..

  • The gravediggers start to lower the coffin

  • Bloom thinks of death, human ritual and the chance one is still alive while they throw dirt on the coffin.

  • They all go to visit Parnell’s grave.


As You Are Now So Once Were We: Corpse Of Milk ; Cheese Pgs 159-171


Immortelles - Immortal (fr)

  • The thoughts of a cemetery continue:

  • Milly burying a dead bird

  • Everyone buried once walked the Dublin streets

  • A corpse is meat gone bad

  • Cheese? Corpse of milk?

  • Bloom notices John Menton and shares same situation where he was mad at Bloom: “I sailed inside him” Angry fast.

  • Bloom told Menton he had a dent in his hat, thanked Bloom.

  • They walk to exit the graveyard, Bloom a few paces back so he can’t overhear them talking about him.


Hades Reflections:


We continue to see Bloom’s child-like curiosity for the world. This episode paints more of a photo of Cunningham (intelligent, understanding), Jack (naive), and Simon (talks down people) . The first crossing of Stephen and Bloom occurs. They don’t talk, but Bloom knows who he is and sees him from afar. Mentions him to his father. We also pass Boylan, and some intense insecurities come at a wave and cease shortly after. Very similar to the rain that just came and went. Rain = Emotions. We are starting to see Bloom’s place in the community. What others think of him and how they feel about him. First stab is at the Jews and how they always have animosity towards others, as they owe them something. Then about suicide, which Bloom eats himself up about. They feel Molly is too good (looking) for him. John talks down upon Bloom, but Bloom is simply nice and tells him he has a dent in his hat. This is ironic in the it shows Bloom is almost an innocent bystander to the thoughts of him, from others. Bloom subconsciously knows this and tries to avoid even hearing this. Ignorance is bliss.



Referenced Works:

Mozart - “La Ci Darem” - 1787 Opera

References:

Gifford, Don, and Robert J. Seidman. Ulysses Annotated: Notes for James Joyce's Ulysses. Univ. of California Press, 2009.

Joyce, James, and Laurence Davies. Dubliners. Wordsworth Editions Limited, 2013.

Joyce, James. A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man. Wordsworth Editions, 2006.

Making his way. JJON. (n.d.). Retrieved September 27, 2022, from https://www.jjon.org/jioyce-s-people/gallaher/gallaher1

Joyce, James. Ulysses (Wordsworth Classics) (p. 162). Wordsworth Editions Ltd. Kindle Edition.

People in the novel. The Joyce Project : Ulysses : People in the Novel. (n.d.). Retrieved September 27, 2022, from http://m.joyceproject.com/info/people.html


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